Where’s Waldo?  茫茫人海中找到你

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2015/11/24 第238期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

優惠活動訊息:見訊息
   

Where’s Waldo?  茫茫人海中找到你

by Paul Hines

Frustrating fun for the family.
對全家人而言頗具挫折感的樂趣。

  For nearly 30 years, the question on the lips of many who love a challenge has been "Where’s Waldo?" The answer is just about everywhere! Where’s Waldo books are available in almost every country, have been _(1)_ into more than 25 languages, and have sold in excess of 50 million copies. The character has appeared in _(2)_ comic strips, television shows, video games, and magazines. He has even been seen on breakfast cereal boxes and in Super Bowl advertisements.
  So, who is Waldo? Waldo is a tall, skinny character with a distinctive wardrobe _(3)_ of blue jeans, round Harry Potter-style glasses, and a red and white striped shirt with a matching bobble hat. He uses a walking stick, _(4)_ looking young and healthy, and is hardly ever seen without a friendly smile on his face. Waldo travels the world visiting magical distant locations, and he has been known to travel through time.
  In the first Where’s Waldo? books, Waldo traveled alone, but over time, additional characters have joined Waldo on his _(5)_. First and _(6)_ is his trusty dog called Woof. Then there are _(7)_ twin sisters, Wilma and Wenda, who are Waldo’s best friends. Finally, there is Odlaw, who is Waldo’s worst enemy. He is so opposite to Waldo _(8)_ his name is Waldo spelt backwards.
  Martin Handford, an English illustrator, created Waldo in 1986. However, Where’s Waldo? is _(9)_ called Where’s Wally? in England, and in France it is known as Where’s Charlie? In fact, Waldo has a different name in almost every different country. No matter what name he goes by, finding Waldo is _(10)_ but fun.
  Be on the lookout for a new Where’s Waldo? book or film adaptation sometime in the future.

(A) journeys (B) consisting (C) actually (D) frustrating (E) countless
(F) translated (G) identical (H) foremost (I) that (J) despite

 
  1. Where’s Waldo books are available in almost every country, have been translated into more than 25 languages, and have sold in excess of 50 million copies.
    《沃爾多在哪裡?》一書幾乎在各個國家都可買到,被翻譯成超過二十五種語言,且熱銷超過五千萬本。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有表被動語態的現在完成式結構 have been,
    得知空格應置過去分詞。
    b. 選項中為過去分詞的僅有 (F) translated(翻譯),
    置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. translate vt. 翻譯
    衍: be translated into…  被翻譯成……(語言)
    The book’s sales went up after it was translated into Chinese.
    這本書翻譯成中文後,銷售量大增。
  2. The character has appeared in countless comic strips, television shows, video games, and magazines.
    書中人物也在無數的連環漫畫、電視劇、電玩遊戲和雜誌中出現。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有介詞 in,空格後有名詞詞組 comic strips
    (連環漫畫),得知空格應置形容詞以修飾 comic strips。
    b. 選項中為形容詞的有 (D) frustrating(令人沮喪的)、(E) countless(無數的)、(G) identical(同卵的)及 (H) foremost(最重要的),惟根據語意,(E) 項應為正選。
    c. countless a. 無數的,數不盡的
    Reckless driving results in countless deaths each year.
    開車橫衝直撞每年都造成無數人死亡。
  3. Waldo is a tall, skinny character with a distinctive wardrobe consisting of blue jeans, round Harry Potter-style glasses, and a red and white striped shirt with a matching bobble hat.
    沃爾多是一位高高瘦瘦的人物,他的全身行頭獨樹一格,由藍色牛仔褲、哈利波特風格的圓框眼鏡、紅白條紋上衣和相稱的絨球帽所組成。
    理由:
    a. 原句實為:
    Waldo is a tall, skinny character with a distinctive wardrobe which consists of blue jeans, round Harry Potter-style glasses, and a red and white striped shirt with a matching bobble hat.
    b. 限定修飾的形容詞子句(即關係代名詞前無逗點)中,若關係代名詞為主詞時,該子句可化簡為分詞片語,化簡原則如下:
    1) 刪除關係代名詞;
    2) 之後的動詞變成現在分詞;
    3) 若動詞為 be 動詞,變成現在分詞 being 後可省略。
    c. 選項中符合上述的僅有 (B) consisting(組成),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
  4. He uses a walking stick, despite looking young and healthy, and is hardly ever seen without a friendly smile on his face.
    儘管看似年輕健康,他卻使用拐杖,而且在他臉上很難不看見友善的笑容。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有一完整子句,空格後為動名詞 looking(看似),可知此處應置入介詞。
    b. 選項中為介詞的僅有 (J) despite(儘管),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. despite prep. 儘管
    Despite the power failure, the hospital continued to function normally.
    儘管斷電,醫院還是繼續正常運作。
  5. In the first Where’s Waldo? books, Waldo traveled alone, but over time, additional characters have joined Waldo on his journeys.
    在第一本《沃爾多在哪裡?》書中,沃爾多起初單獨旅行,但隨著時間的過去,其他人物也加入沃爾多的旅程。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有所有格 his(他的),得知空格應置名詞。
    b. 選項中為名詞的僅有 (A) journeys(旅程),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. journey n. 旅行(尤指長途旅行)
    I took a journey to Canada last summer and had a great time there.
    去年夏天我到加拿大旅遊,在那兒玩得很愉快。
  6. First and foremost is his trusty dog called Woof.
    最重要的是他那隻名為伍夫的忠犬。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    first and foremost  首要的是;首先
    Mark is first and foremost a ballet dancer, but he does other jobs, too.
    馬克的主業是芭蕾舞者,但他同時也兼職其他工作。
    b. 根據上述用法,(H) 項應為正選。
  7. Then there are identical twin sisters, Wilma and Wenda, who are Waldo’s best friends.
    還有一對名叫葳瑪和溫達的同卵雙胞胎姊妹,她們是沃爾多最好的朋友。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有 be 動詞 are,空格後有名詞詞組 twin sisters(雙胞胎姊妹),得知空格應置形容詞以修飾 twin sisters。
    b. 選項中為形容詞的尚有 (D) frustrating(令人沮喪的)及 (G) identical(同卵的),惟根據語意,
    (G) 項應為正選。
    c. identical a. 同卵的;完全相同的
    衍: be identical to…  與……完全相同
    Jimmy’s coat is identical to the one I bought last month.
    吉米的外套跟我上個月買的那件一模一樣。
  8. He is so opposite to Waldo that his name is Waldo spelt backwards.
    他與沃爾多完全相反,就連他的名字都是沃爾多倒過來拼寫。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    so… that…  如此……以至於……
    Helen was so focused on her reading that she didn’t pay attention to the fact that the library was closing.
    海倫非常專注閱讀,因此沒注意到圖書館要關門了。
    b. 根據上述用法,(I) 項應為正選。
  9. However, Where’s Waldo? is actually called Where’s Wally? in England, and in France it is known as Where’s Charlie?
    然而,《沃爾多在哪裡?》在英國其實稱作《威利在哪裡?》,在法國則被稱為《查理在哪裡?》。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有 be 動詞 is,空格後有過去分詞 called(稱作),得知空格應置副詞。
    b. 選項中為副詞的僅有 (C) actually(其實),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. actually adv. 其實,實際上
    The unexpected visitor was actually a former classmate of mine.
    這位意外的訪客事實上是我以前的同學。
  10. No matter what name he goes by, finding Waldo is frustrating but fun.
    無論他的名字為何,找尋沃爾多都令人感到挫折卻又不失樂趣。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有 be 動詞 is,空格後有連接詞 but 和形容詞 fun(有趣的),得知空格應置形容詞以和 fun 形成對等。
    b. 選項中為形容詞的僅剩 (D) frustrating(令人沮喪的),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. frustrating a. 令人挫折/洩氣的
    衍: frustrated a. 感到挫敗的
    It’s really frustrating when everything I try to do fails.
    我嘗試的每件事都失敗,真的很讓人洩氣。
    Mike feels frustrated at the fact that he cannot find a job.
    麥克因為找不到工作而滿懷挫折。
  1. in excess of…  超過/超出……
    excess n. 過多/過剩
    The staff workload is in excess of national standards.
    這群員工的工作量超過了國家標準。
  2. be known as…  以……著稱/為人所知
    Amy is known as a very talented writer.
    眾人皆知艾咪是個很有才華的作家。
  3. be on the lookout for sth  留神注意某物
    同: be on the watch for sth
    While driving in Taipei, one must be on the lookout for potholes.
    在臺北開車時,要小心路上的坑洞。
    *pothole n.(路上的)坑洞

comic strip n. 連環漫畫
cereal n.(常與牛奶一起食用、做為早餐的)榖類食品
a bobble hat  絨球帽
a walking stick  拐杖
illustrator n. 插畫家

  1. challenge n. & vt. 挑戰
    衍: face / meet a challenge  迎接挑戰
    The company has to face one challenge after another from its competitors.
    那家公司必須面臨競爭對手接二連三的挑戰。
    Tom challenged me to a game of chess.
    湯姆向我挑戰下西洋棋。
  2. appear vi. 出現
    反: disappear vi. 消失,不見
    衍: disappear from…  從……消失
    The singer has been in the limelight ever since she appeared in the hit movie.
    那位歌手自從演出該賣座電影後,就成了眾人注目的焦點。
    *be in the limelight  眾人注目的焦點
    This species of lizard has all but disappeared from Taiwan.
    這個品種的蜥蜴幾乎已在臺灣絕跡。
    *all but  幾乎
  3. distinctive a. 獨特的;特殊的
    The police officers of this city wear distinctive uniforms.
    這個城市的警察穿的制服很特別。
  4. wardrobe n. 服裝(單數);衣櫥(可數)
  5. magical a. 不可思議的;魔法的
    衍: magically adv. 不可思議地
    The magical ring enabled the little girl to fly.
    這只魔戒讓那小女孩飛了起來。
    The medicine magically cured my headache.
    這種藥神奇地治好我的頭痛。
  6. additional a. 額外的
    衍: additionally adv. 此外
    The rent for my new apartment is cheap. Additionally, the location is perfect.
    我的新公寓租金便宜。此外,地點更是棒透了。
  7. trusty a. 可靠的,值得信賴的
    同: reliable a.
  8. enemy n. 敵人
    The soldiers were assigned to watch for enemy troop movements.
    那些士兵奉命監視敵軍的行動。
    *assign vt. 分派;指定
  9. opposite a. 相反的 & n. 相反的事物
    衍: be the complete opposite  根本是完全相反
    Iris adores good-looking guys, but her boyfriend is the complete opposite.
    艾瑞絲喜歡帥哥,但她的男友卻完全不符合這個條件。
  10. adaptation n. 改編;改造
    衍: adapt vt. 改編
    adapt A into B  把 A 改編成 B
    The director is working on a film adaptation of this short novel.
    導演正在拍攝這部短篇小說改編的電影。
    They adapted that Broadway musical into a Hollywood film.
    他們把那齣百老匯音樂劇改編成好萊塢電影。

茫茫人海中找到你
對全家人而言頗具挫折感的樂趣。
  將近三十年,『沃爾多在哪裡?』這個問題一直掛在許多熱愛挑戰的人們嘴邊。這答案無處不在!《沃爾多在哪裡?》(編按:本書在臺灣又譯為《威利在哪裡?》。)一書幾乎在各個國家都可買到,被翻譯成超過二十五種語言,且熱銷超過五千萬本。書中人物也在無數的連環漫畫、電視劇、電玩遊戲和雜誌中出現。甚至在早餐的麥片紙盒上和超級盃廣告中都可以見到他的蹤跡。
  那麼,究竟誰是沃爾多?沃爾多是一位高高瘦瘦的人物,他的全身行頭獨樹一格,由藍色牛仔褲、哈利波特風格的圓框眼鏡、紅白條紋上衣和相稱的絨球帽所組成。儘管看似年輕健康,他卻使用拐杖,而且在他臉上很難不看見友善的笑容。沃爾多環遊世界,造訪不可思議的遙遠國度,據信他還能穿越時空。
  在第一本《沃爾多在哪裡?》書中,沃爾多起初單獨旅行,但隨著時間的過去,其他人物也加入沃爾多的旅程。最重要的是他那隻名為伍夫的忠犬。還有一對名叫葳瑪和溫達的同卵雙胞胎姊妹,她們是沃爾多最好的朋友。最後,沃爾多的死對頭叫作歐德勞。他與沃爾多完全相反,就連他的名字都是沃爾多倒過來拼寫。
  1986 年,名為馬汀•漢福德的英國插畫家創造了沃爾多。然而,《沃爾多在哪裡?》在英國其實稱作《威利在哪裡?》,在法國則被稱為《查理在哪裡?》。事實上,沃爾多幾乎在每個不同國家都有不同的名字。無論他的名字為何,找尋沃爾多都令人感到挫折卻又不失樂趣。
  有朝一日,密切注意新的《沃爾多在哪裡?》書籍或改編電影吧。
答案: 1. F 2. E 3. B 4. J 5. A 6. H 7. G 8. I 9. C 10. D

 
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