印度能否成為下一個中國?

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2015/11/23第227期 |  訂閱/退訂  |  看歷史報份  |  LiveABC 官網


 
 

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訊息通知: biz互動英語報即日起改為「雙週發報」~~
 
簡介:◎ top dog 跟狗有什麼關係? ◎財經小辭典:foreign direct investment ◎ 財經小辭典:current account deficit

Move Over, China–India Set to Take Center Stage

China may be poised to displace the United States as the world’s largest economy in 2023, but it will be looking over its shoulder. According to a British-based think tank, India will be top dog by 2048.

There are numerous factors pointing toward India’s rise. Firstly, as a country that imports 80 percent of its oil, India has reaped the rewards of a recent drop in oil prices. Knock-on effects include a narrowing of the current account deficit (though this admittedly fell short of a predicted surplus). There has also been a boost to GDP, with India posting growth of 7.5 percent in 2015 according to World Bank data. The figure is set to rise to 7.9 percent in 2016 in comparison to a drop to 7 percent for China. Inflation has also plummeted after remaining at over 10 percent for years.

India also wields a demographic trump card. With fertility rates in decline in China, India is projected to match China’s population of 1.4 billion by 2035. More telling is that the Indian population is much younger. Half of the country is currently under 25 years old, and the working population will increase through 2030, while China’s is already decreasing.

印度能否成為下一個中國?

中國或許已準備好要在 2023 年取代美國,成為全球最大經濟體,但卻必須隨時保持警覺。根據英國智庫指出,印度將在 2048 年之前登上世界第一的寶座。
許多因素都指向印度的崛起。首先,身為一個八成的石油都從國外進口的國家,印度已從近來下跌的油價獲得好處。連鎖效應包括經常帳赤字減少(儘管此結果無可否認地遜於先前預測的盈餘)。國內生產毛額也提升了,根據世界銀行的資料,印度在 2015 年的成長率達 7.5%。此數字預計在 2016 年攀升到 7.9%,相比之下,中國的成長率將下滑至 7%。印度多年來始終維持在 10% 以上的通膨率也急遽下降。
印度還握有人口王牌。隨著中國的生育率下滑,印度將在 2035 年之前追上中國的 14 億人口。更重要的是印度人口相對年輕得多。目前印度有一半的人未滿 25 歲,就業人口將一路增加至 2030 年,然而中國的就業人口卻已開始減少。

《 詳細內文請翻閱NO.143 11月號biz互動英語雜誌 》
 
   

 
2015/11/23(一) There will be some personnel changes in the office starting this month.
這個月辦公室裡將會有一些人事異動。
2015/11/24(二) I think that will definitely come in handy.
我想這一定能派上用場的。
2015/11/25(三) A hot bath is a great way to wind down after a hard day’s work.
辛苦工作一天後,泡個熱水澡是最棒的放鬆方式之一了。
2015/11/26(四) Getting a moderate amount of exercise each day can aid sleep.
每日適量運動有助於入眠。
2015/11/27(五) After working several hours of overtime every day for weeks, I am drained of energy.
幾個禮拜每天都加班幾個小時候後,我已精疲力竭了
 
 
 
 
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特價3,280元
 
 
六刊短訂
六刊訂閱 半年只要990元
再送口袋書6選2
 
 
 
5刊+知識大圖解聯訂
知識大圖解+5刊選1 各1年
特價2,990元
 
 

 

 
 

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